The ginger-like rootstock (rhizome). It is built up from cylindrical subunits (circular cross-section), whose pale–reddish surface is characteristically cross-striped by reddish–brown, small rings.
The interior has about the same color as the skin and is hard and woody in texture. Warm, sweet, spicy. Fresh galangal has a distinct fragrance that comes close to fir or pine needles; dried galangal is more spicy and sweet–